Seville

Seville is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia Its Old Town, is the third largest in Europe with an area of 4 km², contains three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Alcázar palace complex, the Cathedral and the General Archive of the Indies. The Seville harbour, located about 80 km from the Atlantic Ocean, is the only river port in Spain.

Seville was founded as the Roman city of Hispalis During the Muslim rule in Spain. Seville came under the jurisdiction of the Caliphate of Córdoba before becoming the independent Taifa of Seville; later it was ruled by the Muslim Almoravids and the Almohads until finally being incorporated into the Christian Kingdom of Castile under Ferdinand III in 1248.

After the discovery of the Americas, Seville became one of the economic centres of the Spanish Empire as its port monopolised the trans-oceanic trade and the Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) wielded its power, opening a Golden Age of arts and literature. In 1519,Ferdinand Magellan departed from Seville for the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

Coinciding with the Baroque period of European history, the 17th century in Seville represented the most brilliant flowering of the city's culture; then began a gradual economic and demographic decline as silting in the Guadalquivir forced the trade monopoly to relocate to the nearby port of Cádiz.

The 20th century in Seville saw the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, decisive cultural milestones such as the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929and Expo'92, and the city's election as the capital of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia.

What to see in Seville.

  • Sevilla Cathedral It is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. It was registered in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
  • The Giralda is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville It was built to resemble the minaret of the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakech (Morocco), although the top section of the bell tower dates from the Renaissance.
  • The Alcázar of Seville is a royal palace in Seville, Spain, originally a Moorish fort. It is the oldest royal palace still in use in Europe, and it was registered in 1987 byUNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
  • The Torre del Oro is a dodecagonal military watchtower in Seville, southern Spain, built by the Almohad dynasty in order to control access to Seville via the Guadalquivir river.
  • The Plaza de Toros de la Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla is the oldest bullring in Spain. During the annual Seville Fair is the site of one of the most well-known bullfighting festivals in the world.
  • The Plaza de España is a square located in the Parque de María Luisa (Maria Luisa Park), built in 1928 for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929. It is a landmark example of the Renaissance Revival style in Spanish architecture. Santa Cruz neighbourhood.
  • Santa Cruz, is the primary tourist neighborhood of Seville, and the former Jewish quarter of the medieval city Triana neighbourhood. According to legend,
  • Triana is named after the Roman Emperor Trajan, who was born in Italica, a Roman city north of modern Seville This district has many historical buildings, such as the Santa Ana Church and the remains of the San Jorge Castle. The old quarter of the district offers a panoramic view of Seville's city centre.

 

sevilla youtube

Read 1485 times