The origin of the city of Cadiz is lost in time; it hides in the midst of myths and legends, with heroes,even Hercules and Gerion. It is considered the oldest always inhabited city of thewest, founded by Phoenician sailors of Tyre around1100 BC according to classic literature and around 800 BC according modern history science. Its founders called it Gadir, meaning enclosed area and turned it into the base of the commercial routes between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean.

Ever since there have been many people that have desired and conquered it, the Romans called it Gades and turned it into of the most important Roman cities in Spain: and the Muslims plunged it into the dark years and did not take advantage of its maritime potential. Alfonso X reconquered it in 1262 and started the revitalisation of the city which starts to be surrounded by walls to prevent the frequent sacks it suffered. In the 16th century Christopher Columbus chose it as departure harbour for its second and fourth trips to the Indies. The city flourishes again and its harbour became the great commercial gateway of the traffic with the recently discovered New World.

This contributes to the urban configuration of the City and, above all, the creation of a commercial middle class, cultured and practical. In this favourable atmosphere, Cadiz takes in lots of politics who take refuge in a besiege city during the French invasion in 1808, the one and only comer of Spain to achieve the defence from the Napoleonic troops. In Cadiz, it grows the feeling of freedom more than ever before, It is then when the Cortes Generales are constituted, thus it is drawn up the first Spanish Constitution in 1812

Much of what has happened to Cadiz over these three thousand years has a lot to do with its geographical location: its unsurpassable strategic position in the south-eastern end of Europe, between two continents, Europe and Africa, and between two historic seas, the Mediterranean and the Atlantic.

This ocean bathes its shores; it surrounds it almost completely and shapes the peculiar geography of Cadiz: it is practically in the sea, it is a tombolo, an island connected to the coast by a narrow nine kilometers long sandbar.

But in addition to its geographic location or its climate there are many reasons to visit Cadiz: the historic-cultural value of the oldest city of Western Europe; its excellent cuisine based on fish and seafood; its incredible Atlantic beaches; its commercial offer with the historic city centre turned into an open commercial centre; its tourist attractions…

What to see in Cádiz:

  • Cádiz Cathedral. The cathedral is named “Santa Cruz sobre el Mar (Holy Cross over the Sea)” or “Santa Cruz sobre las Aguas (Holy Cross over the Waters)”, although in Cadiz it is known simply as the new cathedral, in comparison with the Old Cathedral.
  • Pópulo district. the medieval city of Cadiz.
  • Santa María district. The district was the cradle of the first flamenco artists of Cadiz and of history.
  • Puertas de Tierra and Cádiz walls.
  • Alameda Apodaca. One of the most romantic walks of Cádiz.
  • Oratorio de San Felipe Neri. Lugar histórico donde se reunieron las Cortes de Cádiz y donde se firmó la primera Constitución Española.
  • Tavira Tower. Enjoy the best views of Cádiz. Ascend to one of the 126 watchtowers, the Tavira Tower, the highest point in the old part of the town and experience theCamara Obscura.
  • Cádiz Museum.
  • Caleta beach.

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